Narrow-gauge railways were popular in Russia to connect remote settlements and industrial sites – they were known as kukushka or ‘cuckoo’ trains. By the 1960s it is believed Russia had around 100,000 kilometres of narrow-gauge lines. However, they declined rapidly with the rise of road transport.
Pereslavl Railway Museum opened at the station and locomotive shed in the village of Talitsy in 1990. Its collection presents the full story of narrow-gauge railways in Russia through a collection of steam locomotives, diesels, railway carriages and wagons, and some commercial lorries. The museum also has 2.5 kilometres of a railway branch that carried peat fuel to a power station. The working line runs from Talitsy to the former peat diggings, which are now a place of natural beauty. It was once part of a very extensive 750-mm-gauge network near the town of Pereslavl-Zalessky.