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European Themeroute | Xtra: UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Europe's industrial heritage is represented on the UNESCO World Heritage List by 45 sites. These are either individual sites (such as the Völklingen Ironworks in Völklingen/D), groups of sites (such as the 4 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia/B) or landscapes or towns influenced by industrialization ... more

Icon: Xtra: UNESCO World Heritage SitesIndustrial heritage sites of outstanding universal value: European industrial properties on UNESCO's World Heritage List

Europe's industrial heritage is represented on the UNESCO World Heritage List by 45 sites. These are either

  • individual sites (such as the Völklingen Ironworks in Völklingen/D),
  • groups of sites (such as the 4 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia/B) or
  • landscapes or towns influenced by industrialization (such as Blaenavon Industrial Landscape in South Wales/GB, the Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin/F or the city of Ivrea/I, shaped by the Olivetti company) as well as
  • industrial monuments as part of World Heritage Sites (such as the silk weavers' quarter in the Historic Site of Lyon/F),

all of outstanding universal value, which is a requirement for inscription as a World Heritage Site.

Accordingly, in our list you will find individual sites, linear sites and industrial landscapes that have been inscribed on the World Heritage List. The "formal" names of the industrial properties on the World Heritage List can be found in our link list (see "Related Links"); at the bottom of the link list you can also find the industrial WHS outside Europe (15).



Mürzzuschlag | Austria
The Südbahn (south railway) linking Vienna with the Habsburg Empire’s principal port at Trieste on the Adriatic Sea, planned by Karl von Ghega (1802-60), was the first of the great European main lines through the Alps, and its importance was recognised in 1998 when it was designated a UNESCO World ...

Heizhausgasse 2
8680 Mürzzuschlag, Austria

Semmering | Austria
The 58 km section of railway through the Semmering Pass between Gloggnitz and Murzzuschlag built in 1848-54 was part of the Sudbahn, the railway that linked Vienna, capital of the Habsburg Empire, with the principal imperial port at Trieste. It was the first main line railway to pass through one of ...

Semmering Railway
Informationsstelle Semmeringbahn
Bahnhofplatz 1
2680 Semmering, Austria

Antwerp | Belgium
Christopher Plantin (?1520-89) moved to Antwerp in 1549 from Tourcoing and became one of the foremost printers of Renaissance Europe whose products can be found in almost every library that has collections from the 16th century. His descendants, the Moretus family, continued the business until 1876, ...

Plantin-Moretus Museum
Vrijdagmarkt 22
2000 Antwerp, Belgium

Hornu | Belgium
Coal mining at St Ghislain and Hornu, 8 km W of Mons, began in the 1770s. In 1810 the mines were acquired by the Frenchman Henri de Gorge Legrand (1774-1832). In 1816, having declared that he was ‘trying to attract strong men by-unheard of comforts’, he began the construction of a workers village in ...

Grand Hornu
Grand-Hornu Images
rue Sainte-Louise 82
7301 Hornu, Belgium

La Louvière (Houdeng-Aimeries) | Belgium
The entrance is a thick steel guillotine door, flanked by two round towers which look as if they might have come out of the Middle Ages. Behind them are redbrick buildings which, because of their rich decorations, might easily be mistaken for churches or palaces. From one of the roofs emerges the ...

Mining Site Bois-du-Luc. Ecomusée
Ecomusée du Bois-du-Luc
Rue Saint-Patrice 2b
7110 La Louvière, Belgium

Thieu | Belgium
La Louviere lies at the centre of a region once dominated by coal mines, iron furnaces, and glassworks, where the outstanding monuments to the industrial past are four hydraulic lifts on the Canal du Centre, at Houdeng-Goegnies, Houdeng-Aimeries, Bracquegnies and Thieu, built between 1885 and 1917, ...

Canal du Centre
Companie du Canal du Centre
Ecluse No 1 rue des Peupliers 69
7058 Thieu, Belgium

Verla (Jaala) | Finland
The mechanical pulp mill at Verla was founded in the 1870s by Hugo Neuman, a Finnish-born civil engineer who had worked in Zurich. The first mill buildings were destroyed by fire in 1892, but were replaced by richly-ornamented brick structures, a mill, a cardboard factory and drying sheds, designed ...

Verla Mill Museum
Verlan tehdasmuseo
Verlantie 295
47850 Verla, Finland

Arc-et-Senans | France
The saltworks at Arc-et-Senans is one of the most spectacular industrial monuments in Europe. It was built between 1775 and 1779 on the fringe of the forest of Chaux, since supplies of wood for fuel were becoming scarce near to the existing works at Salins, from where brine was pumped through a ...

La Saline royale d’Arc-et-Senans
Institut Claude-Nicolas Ledoux
Saline royale
F 25610 Arc-et-Senans, France

The centre at Guesnain 8km SE of Douai is the largest mining museum in France and occupies the surface buildings of the Delloye Colliery that was sunk in 1920. Most of the principal surface structures remain, two steel headstocks with their winding engines, coal-handling and -screening plant, the ...

Mining History Centre of Lewarde
Centre Historique Minier du Nord-Pas de Calais
Fosse Delloye Rue d'Erchin - BP30039
59287 Lewarde, France

Loos-en-Gohelle was a scene of conflict in a succession of wars between the 13th and 17th centuries, and of epic-scale slaughter during the so-called First Battle of Loos in 1915. The Loos Memorial commemorates 20,000 British soldiers killed between 1915 and 1918, and there are several other ...

Coal Mines of Loos-en-Gohelle | La Chaine des Terrils
La Chaine des Terrils
Base du 11/19 Rue de Bourgogne
62750 Loos-en-Gohelle, France

Lyon is Europe’s pre-eminent silk-working city. The industry’s origins in the city go back centuries before the Industrial Revolution, and it is fitting that the displays in the museum take a long view of silk-manufacture. The making and trading of silk in Chinese, Coptic, Persian, Byzantine and ...

Museums of fabrics and decorative arts
Musees des Tissus et des Arts decoratifs
34 rue de la Charite
69002 Lyon, France

Lyon | France
Lyon was one of the most important centres for weaving silk for hundreds of years. The working weavers of Lyon called themselves ‘canuts’, which is how the museum gets its name. It is an early example in Europe of preserving industrial heritage: it was set up by a weavers’ cooperative in 1970 to ...

The House of the Canuts
Maison des Canuts
10/12 rue d'Ivry
69004 Lyon, France

Marseillan | France
The building of the Canal du Midi, linking the Garonne navigation at Toulouse (and therefore the Atlantic Ocean) with the Mediterranean at Sete demonstrated to the whole of Europe the possibilities of inland navigation. The initiator of the canal was Pierre Paul Ricquet (1604-80), who for many ...

Canal du Midi
Chemin du Canal du Midi
34340 Marseillan, France

Salins-les-Bains | France
Salt was produced at Salin at least from the 6th century AD, but the works that closed in 1962 and is now displayed as a museum dates principally from the mid-18th century. One of its largest underground chambers accommodates a spectacular water-powered pumping system, which has scarcely changed ...

Salines de Salins-les-Bains
Place des Salines
39110 Salins-les-Bains, France

Wallers | France
The Arenberg Fosse is a coal mine in Nord-Pas-de-Calais which belonged to the Compagnie des Mines d’Anzin. It was sunk in 1900, began production in 1903 and proved a highly productive colliery. It was named after Auguste d’Arenberg (1837-1924), politician and manager of Compagnie des Mines d’Anzin. ...

Arenberg Fosse
Site minier d’Arenbergve.fr
Rue Michel Rondet
59135 Wallers, France

Augsburg | Germany
In the mid-nineteenth century the citizens of Augsburg had a better supply of water than those of most European cities, and some of the means of delivering that supply dated from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. From 1416 artesian wells were sunk at the Rotes Tor (red gate) in the city, ...

Watertowers close to Red Gate
Rotes Tor 1
86153 Augsburg, Germany

Clausthal-Zellerfeld | Germany
The Upper Harz water management system became part of the Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of Goslar World Heritage site in 2010. The system of managing water for non-ferrous metal mining in the area was developed over a period of 800 years and extends for 200 square kilometres. It is a ...

Upper Harz Water Management System
Oberharzer Wasserwirtschaft
Dorotheer Zechenhaus
38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

Hamburg has for many centuries been one of Europe’s principal maritime trading centres, and the Speicherstadtmuseum (Warehouse City Museum) celebrates the outstanding architecture that characterises a part of the port that was rebuilt in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which was ...

Warehouse City | Warehouse City Museum
Am Sandtorkai 36
20457 Hamburg, Germany

Budapest | Hungary
An underground electric railway, 3.7 km in length, was opened in Budapest in 1896 to convey visitors to the exhibition staged in that year to mark the millennium of the Hungarian nation. This line, now called M1, was the nucleus of a much larger Metro network serving the city and its suburbs that ...

Millenium Underground Museum
Földalatti Vasúti Múzeum
Deák Ferenc téri metró aluljáró
1052 Budapest, Hungary

Caserta | Italy
The Casino Reale de Belvedere, the former summer palace and hunting lodge of the Bourbon kings of Naples, built by King Ferdinand I in 1774 from plans by Luigi Vanvitelli, stands 3 km north-east of Caserta, and 33 km north of Naples. Ferdinand was traumatised by the death of his son and heir in ...

Belvedere di San Leucio
81100 Caserta, Italy


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