The latest "Industriekultur" issue explores the origins and highlights of mechanical engineering in Germany, taking readers to Chemnitz, Hamburg, Oberhausen and the cross-border region around Aachen and Verviers. As usual, the journal also features four ERIH anchor points, this time focusing on ores, salt, ceramics and the sea.
The use of state-of-the-art mining technologies was one of the key factors in the success of the Montevecchio mines in Sicily, which occasionally ranked among the most important ore and zinc mines in Europe. This technical progress, as illustrated by the 220 hp Sullivan compressor installed in the Sant'Antonio shaft in 1903, contrasts strikingly with the elaborately designed appearance of the mines with their neo-Gothic facades or a lavishly decorated reception room.
The Mines of Montevecchio. Guspini. Italy
Until the mid 19th century, the vast Wieliczka Salt Mine was only accessible to rulers, aristocrats, artists and scientists. Today the world of salt with its underground chapels, halls and lakes enchants two million visitors every year. The mine was in operation until 1996. The millennium-old history of local salt production results in 245 kilometres of galleries on nine levels and has rightfully earned the mine a recognition as a World Heritage Site.
Cracow Salt-Works Museum in Wieliczka WHS. Wieliczka. Poland
The renowned Dutch ceramics brand De Sphinx is the namesake of the Sphinx Quarter, celebrating Maastricht's historic role as the first industrialised city in the Netherlands. Crucial to its development were docks, canals and subsequently the railway. A modern concept of redevelopment is increasingly transforming the vast area into a cultural hotspot. One of the highlights is the Sphinx Passage, with 30,000 inscribed and illustrated tiles telling the story of around 200 years of Maastricht ceramic production.
Sphinx Quarter. Maastricht. Netherlands
Fishing and oceanography are the focus of the Galician Museum of the Sea in Vigo. The home port of Spain's largest fishing fleet and headquarters of the European Fisheries Control Authority is still dominated by the fishing industry. At the same time, the museum considers it important to explore the habitat of fish, right where the museum is located. An integrated, newly built lighthouse provides a wide view over the fjord-like estuary of the port city.
Calician Museum of the Sea. Vigo. Spain