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Regional route HollandRoute | Netherlands

The port of Amsterdam for a long period of time, suffered the problem that the sea was only accessible via the Zuiderzee, now called The IJsselmeer. A decision was made to develop the Noordhollands Canal. This canal connects Den Helder with Amsterdam and seemed to be the solution to the problem. The size ... more

HollandRoute

The port of Amsterdam for a long period of time, suffered the problem that the sea was only accessible via the Zuiderzee, now called The IJsselmeer. A decision was made to develop the Noordhollands Canal. This canal connects Den Helder with Amsterdam and seemed to be the solution to the problem. The size of ships increased more then foreseen and the Noordhollands Canal soon appeared to be too narrow. The idea to dig a canal right through the dunes to make a short connection to the sea, showed to be the best solution for the long term. Diggers started their work in 1865. At November  1st 1886 the North See Canal was opened.

The opening of the North Sea Canal and the ongoing mechanisation, made the industries in the region develope prosperously. The foodindustry at the sides of the river Zaan grow out to be the Supplychamber of The Netherlands. Hulling works, bread-and biscuitfactories, (tin) canfactories, chocolatefactories formed an important part of the economy. Other important economic players were shipbuilding industry (NDSM), machine-factories (Stork-Werkspoor), and the diamondindustry.

Also of main importance for the industrial development was the Stelling van Amsterdam, a ring of defence around the Dutch capitol Amsterdam. In case of military threat, the region around Amsterdam could be flooded with water. The ring of defence was surrounded width dikes and fortresses. The citizens within the Stelling van Amsterdam had to be provisioned from the own region with food, materials and ammunition. Nearby Zaandam a large ammunitionfactory was established alongside the North Sea Canal, the Hembrugterrein.

From both the foodindustry and the Stelling van Amsterdam a large amount of buildings have remained. HollandRoute-Amsterdam/IJmond brings them all together and discloses them to the public. Factories, warehouses, mills, fortresses locks, canals, worker-housings and all that belongs to it can be found at this route. Three ERIH-anchorpoints are part of this regional route: Zaanse Schans, Heineken Experience and Pumping station The Cruquius.

Zaanse Schans is a quite wellknown location in Holland and abroad. Here, a magnificent view is given on the industrial development from before the steam-era. Especially mills and early mechanisation is to be exposed. Zaanse schans is not a museum: it is an area where people work and live, and that is freely accessible to the public.

Heineken Experience is more than the former brewery of the worldfamous trademark of beer. There is a lot to see that is connected to the process of brewing beer and the presentation of all that may be called an experience without any doubt. Visitors under the age of 18 may only enter Heineken Experience when accompanied by an adult. The brewery was build in 1867. The maltsilo’s, brewing-kettles and lagering-rooms are accessible to the public.

To empty the lake called Haarlemmermeer, three pumping stations were built: Leeghwater, Lynden and Cruquius. The Cruquius-pumping station remained exactly like the way it was build between 1846-1849. Most impressive is the steamengine with the largest cilinder in the world: it’s diameter measures almost 3,5 meters. The pumping station is housed in a beautifull building in neo-gothical style. Inside the buidling an exhibition tells the story about emptying the lake Haarlemmermeer, and the creation of the Haarlemmermeer-polder. 

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ERIH Anchor Points

Amsterdam | Netherlands

Four huge copper silos stand side by side in ...

Heineken Experience - Heineken Brewery
Stadhouderskade 78
1072 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands

Cruquius | Netherlands

King William I of the Netherlands had a choice ...

Haarlemmermeermuseum De Cruquius
Cruquiusdijk 27
2142 ER Cruquius, Netherlands

Medemblik | Netherlands

This museum in the north of Holland forms a ...

Dutch Steam Machine Museum
Nederlands Stoommachinemuseum
Oosterdijk 4
1671 HJ Medemblik, Netherlands

Zaandam | Netherlands

Creaking windmills, little wooden houses with ...

Zaanse Schans
Schansend 1
1509 AW Zaandam, Netherlands

Sites

Amsterdam | Netherlands

The former NDSM-shipyard was once a place ...

NDSM-Shipyard
tt Neveritaweg 15
1030 BH Amsterdam, Netherlands

Amsterdam | Netherlands

The Westergasfabriek is a former gasfactory in ...

Westergasfactory
Haarlemmerweg 8-10
1014 BE Amsterdam, Netherlands

Haarlem | Netherlands

In the monumental buildings dance-events and ...

De Lichtfabriek
Minckelersweg 3
2031 EM Haarlem, Netherlands

Halfweg | Netherlands

The first sugarfactory at this location was ...

Sugar City
Haarlemmerstraatweg 22
1165 MJ Halfweg, Netherlands

Velsen-Noord | Netherlands

Tata Steel, formerly known as Hoogovens, is ...

HoogovensMuseum
Wenckebachstraat 1
1951 JZ Velsen-Noord, Netherlands

Wormer | Netherlands

The former Hulling Works in Wormer are worth a ...

Hulling Works
Veerdijk 35-43
1531 MS Wormer, Netherlands

Zaandam | Netherlands

The Hembrugterrein is a former industrial and ...

Hembrugterrain
Hembrugterrein
Hemkade 2
1506 PR Zaandam, Netherlands

Zaandam | Netherlands

In the Zaan-area, more precise in Wormer and ...

Verkade
Westzijde 103
1506 EJ Zaandam, Netherlands

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