Gallarta is a community in the iron ore mining region 14 km north-west of Bilbao, best known as the birthplace of Dolores Ibarrun, La Pasionara (1895-1981), the daughter of miner who became one of the leading figures in the Spanish republican movement. The Asociación Cultural Meuseo Minero (Cultural Association for the Mining Museum) was established in 1986 as mining was finally coming to an end, and opened in 2001. Its headquarters is in an old slaughterhouse near a vast open-cast pit, Corta Concha II, from which siderite (iron carbonate) was extracted from the 1970s until its closure in 1993. The museum holds collections of tools, machines, oil lamps, dented helmets, miners’ footwear, drills and surveying equipment, together with several locomotives. It also holds documents relating to mining and a collection of minerals. Guidance is provided to the monuments of the mining industry, open-cast pits, calcining kilns, ore-washing equipment and ropeways. The museum encourages research into mining operations and mining culture, and operates a children’s section where painting, crafts and other activities are encouraged.