Baikonur Cosmodrome Museum

The Cosmodrome lies 30 km from Baikonur and can be visited on tours from the city arranged by operators licensed by the Russian space agency Roscomos. The museum is located within area 2 of the base and includes a Soyuz capsule, a Buran space shuttle, numerous engines and navigational equipment. The development of computing technology in enabling the control of space missions is explained in some detail. Indoor sections commemorate the work of the pioneering rocket engineers Sergei Korolev (1907-66) and Valentin Glushko (1908-99), and Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935), who is acknowledged as the founder of theoretical cosmonautics. There are displays illustrating life in space, with examples of foods prepared for consumption in spacecraft in orbit, and the effects of weightlessness. The museum includes the ‘house of officers’, a social club where the staff at the base spent their leisure time, and the homes of Sergei Korolev and Yuri Gagarin.

Baikonur Cosmodrome Museum

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