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European Themeroute | Xtra: UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Europe's industrial heritage is represented on the UNESCO World Heritage List by 45 sites. These are either individual sites (such as the Völklingen Ironworks in Völklingen/D), groups of sites (such as the 4 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia/B) or landscapes or towns influenced by industrialization ... more

Icon: Xtra: UNESCO World Heritage SitesIndustrial heritage sites of outstanding universal value: European industrial properties on UNESCO's World Heritage List

Europe's industrial heritage is represented on the UNESCO World Heritage List by 45 sites. These are either

  • individual sites (such as the Völklingen Ironworks in Völklingen/D),
  • groups of sites (such as the 4 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia/B) or
  • landscapes or towns influenced by industrialization (such as Blaenavon Industrial Landscape in South Wales/GB, the Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin/F or the city of Ivrea/I, shaped by the Olivetti company) as well as
  • industrial monuments as part of World Heritage Sites (such as the silk weavers' quarter in the Historic Site of Lyon/F),

all of outstanding universal value, which is a requirement for inscription as a World Heritage Site.

Accordingly, in our list you will find individual sites, linear sites and industrial landscapes that have been inscribed on the World Heritage List. The "formal" names of the industrial properties on the World Heritage List can be found in our link list (see "Related Links"); at the bottom of the link list you can also find the industrial WHS outside Europe (15).

Bochnia | Poland
Bochnia is a town of about 30,000 people east of Kraków in southern Poland. Its salt mine, supposedly the largest in Poland, probably dates from the thirteenth century, and was once part of the royal salt works administered from Kraków. The mine was first accorded legislative protection in 1981, and ...

Bochnia Salt Mine
Kopalnia Soli w Bochnia
Campi 15
32-700 Bochnia, Poland

The salt mines at Wieliczka have been worked for more than 700 years, and comprise more than 2,000 chambers distributed through nine working floors. Parts of the mine have been opened to the public since the late 19th century. Visitors now followed a route 4 km long, passing through the St Antonia ...

Cracow Salt-Works Museum in Wieliczka
Muzeum Zup Krakowskich Wieliczka
ul. Zamkowa 8
32-020 Wieliczka, Poland

The outstanding monuments of the Industrial Revolution period in Oporto are the two wrought-iron bridges that cross the River Douro. Both provide evidence of international co-operation in civil engineering projects in the 19th century.The Dona Maria Pia bridge of 1877 was designed by Gustave Eiffel ...

Luiz I Bridge World Heritage Site| Dona Maria Pia Bridge
The Porto Bridges
Information: Tourist Office Rua Clube des Fenianos 25
4000-172 Porto, Portugal

Banska Stiavnica | Slovakia
Banska Stiavnica – a world heritage site - was from the 13th century one of Europe’s most important sources of silver, lead and iron ore, and the town retains many buildings that provide of its prosperous past, including two castles, magnificent Renaissance houses and the Kammerhof, where ores were ...

Open Air Museum of Mining
Banské múzeum v prírode – Skanzen
J.K Hella 12
969 00 Banska Stiavnica, Slovakia

Idrija was a centre for the mining of cinnabar ore, the ore from which mercury is obtained, for many centuries. Cinnabar deposits discovered in 1490 were worked by the government of the Habsburg Empire from 1509 and smelters were subsequently erected on the banks of the River Idrijca, north-east of ...

Anthony Road. Tourist Mercury Mine
Antonijev Rov Turistični rudnik živega srebra Idrija
Kosovelova 3
5280 Idrija, Slovenia

Ängelsberg | Sweden
Engelsbergs is one of the best-preserved ‘bruks’ (ironworking villages) in Sweden. Iron was made in the community from 1681 and the manor house in the French style was completed in the 1740s. The blast furnace, of earth and timber construction, dates in its present form from 1779, and worked until ...

Engelsbergs bruk
Information: Lilla Slaggarboden
Ängelsberg, Sweden

Chur | Switzerland
The Rhaetian Railway network in the canton of Graubünden (Grisons) is a metre (1,000mm.) gauge electrified system that links together many Alpine resorts, and is an essential element in the economy of eastern Switzerland. The system owes its origins to a Dutchman Willem Jan Holsboer (1834-1898) who ...

Rhaetian Railway
Rhätische Bahn
Bahnhofstrasse 25
7002 Chur, Switzerland

Engi | Switzerland
Slate has been extract in the Sernft valley in eastern Switzerland.since the sixteenth century. Exporting was restricted by lack of a road into the valley, and the produce of the mines and quarries was taken away on the backs of mules until a road was built in 1826. More than 200 men were employed ...

Landesplattenberg Engi GmbH
Sernftalstrasse 109
8765 Engi Slate Mine, Switzerland

La Chaux du Fonds | Switzerland
La Chaux-de-Fonds is the chief town of a district in the Canton of Neuchatel, and is situated at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level near to the border with France. It has been closely associated with watch-making for several centuries and several of the world’s leading watchmaking companies, ...

International Watchmaking Museum
Musee International d’Horloge
Rue des Musees 29
2301 La Chaux du Fonds, Switzerland

Belper | United Kingdom
At Belper, 14 km north of Derby and 10 km south of Cromford, the Strutt family built textile mills from 1773, transforming a small town whose main manufacture had been nails into one of eighteenth-century England’s principal centres of cotton spinning. The drawing of the iron-framed North Mill from ...

Belper North Mill
DE56 1YD Belper, United Kingdom

Blaenavon | United Kingdom
Blaenavon Ironworks began production in 1789 and is now the best preserved ironworks of its period in the world it is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The site is the main focus of the Blaenavon Industrial Landscape which was inscribed by UNESCO in December 2000 as a World Heritage Site. In the early ...

Blaenavon Ironworks World Heritage Site
North Street
NP4 9RN Blaenavon, United Kingdom

Bradford | United Kingdom
David Hockney painted Salts Mill in warm ochre tones. Today both the painter and the place are world-famous. Hockney was born in the Northern industrial city of Bradford. And Salts Mill, an old textile factory, was built in Shipley just to the north of Bradford. Something unheard of occurred here in ...

Saltaire Village
Bradford Tourist Information Centre
City Hall
BD1 1HY Bradford, United Kingdom

Camborne | United Kingdom
The surface buildings at the King Edward Mine are the most complete of any tin-mining site in Cornwall, and include a calciner, a buddle house, a steam winding engine house with an adjacent boiler house, a set of Californian stamps and a twin horizontal winding engine supplied by Holmans of Camborn ...

King Edward Mine
TR16 3SE Camborne, United Kingdom

The museum of industry in Derby stands on the site of a water-powered five-storey mill built circa 1721 by John and Thomas Lombe to accommodate silk throwing technology that they had observed in Italy. The mill, the first powered factory of its kind in England, prospered and was described by many ...

Derby’s Museum of Industry and History
Silk Mill Lane Off Full Street
DE1 3AF Derby, United Kingdom

Helston | United Kingdom
The underground tour at Poldark has been described by a distinguished authority as ‘one of the two most atmospheric mine tours in Europe’. Poldark, 3 km from Helston, is a multi-facetted visitor attraction that takes its name from a television series, parts of which were filmed there, but it is also ...

Poldark Mine
TR13 0ES Helston, United Kingdom

Liverpool | United Kingdom
The sole remaining first class ticket for the Titanic and the complete log book of a Liverpool slave-trader: these are just two of the treasures to be found in the Merseyside Maritime Museum in Liverpool. Here within the historic walls of the Albert Dock you can chart the history of one of the ...

Merseyside Maritime Museum at Albert Dock
Albert Dock
L3 4AQ Liverpool, United Kingdom

Matlock Bath | United Kingdom
Masson Mill was the second cotton spinning factory erected by Richard Arkwright (1732-92) at Cromford in what is now designated as the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site. While the first Cromford Mills complex, begun in 1771, was built in local stone and drew its water power from reservoirs ...

Masson Mills Working Textile Museum
Derby Road
DE4 3PY Matlock Bath, United Kingdom

North Queensferry | United Kingdom
The cantilever bridge that carries the line from Edinburgh to Aberdeen of the former North British Railway over the Firth of Forth, 14 km west of Edinburgh, was one of the first major structures to be built of mild steel. The North British Railway planned to replace with bridges it ferries across ...

Forth Bridge
Forth Bridge Heritage Centre North Queensferry Station
KY11 1HP North Queensferry, United Kingdom

Pendeen | United Kingdom
The Levant Mine engine house, perched, apparently precariously, on a cliff above the Atlantic Ocean, houses the oldest working beam engine in Cornwall, a 24 inch (0.61 m) winding engine designed by Francis Mitchell, made by Harveys of Hayle, and installed in 1840. The mine extended to a considerable ...

Levant Mine & Beam Engine
TR19 7SX Pendeen, United Kingdom

Penzance | United Kingdom
It is as if the walls were echoing once more with the rough tones of miners. As if weary feet were stamping against the bare cement floor, accompanied by the screeching tones of the rising cage. Nowadays, not far from Penzance, the Atlantic flows through the disused galleries of the Geevor tin mine ...

Geevor Tin Mine World Heritage Site
TR19 7EW Pendeen, United Kingdom


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