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Regional route Saxony | Germany

The industrialisation of Saxony is based on mining which already started in the 10th century, thus creating capital and early technological expertise – a history that is particularly told by historical sites in the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains). In the early 19th century textile processing became the ... more


The industrialisation of Saxony is based on mining which already started in the 10th century, thus creating capital and early technological expertise – a history that is particularly told by historical sites in the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains). In the early 19th century textile processing became the driver of progress, thus entailing the rise of metal working industries. This made Saxony the cradle of the German automotive engineering and home to renowned automobile manufacturers until today.

The Saxon Route of Industrial Heritage" developed by TMGS illustrates the industrial history of the region with a selection of 51 sites, including exciting museums as well as active plants. Leading sectors are mining, textile industry, vehicles and transport, food and beverage, and the printing industry. Outstanding architecture is part of the route, too.

Tin ore was discovered in the region of Ehrenfriedersdorf, 34 km south of Chemnitz, in the 13th century and was mined until the early 1990s. Some silver was also extracted from the local mines, as well as a wide variety of minerals. Visitors are now carried on a train into the old workings 100 m ...

Saxon Museum of Industry | Ehrenfriedersdorf Tin Mine
Am Sauberg 1
09427 Ehrenfriedersdorf, Germany

Eibenstock | Germany
The tin and iron ore mining of Eibenstock, a small town in the western part of the Ore Mountains, had almost come to a standstill in 1760, so that the plight of the local miners and their families far surpassed the usual poverty. It was necessary to somehow secure the survival of the region. Help ...

Eibenstock Embroidery Museum
Bürgermeister-Hesse-Straße 7 - 9
08309 Eibenstock, Germany

Freiberg is the principal city of the Erzgebirge (the ore mountains) in Saxony, one of Europe’s principal sources of metallic ores, a mining region that extended into the present Czech Republic. Freiberg was granted privileges that made it the first free mining city in Germany in the mid-14th ...

Freiberg Municipal and Mining Museum
Am Dom 1
09599 Freiberg, Germany

Freiberg | Germany
Mining in Saxony had its origin in Freiberg. The Saxon “mining capital” developed quickly out of the farming village of Christiansdorf, where in 1168 the first silver ore in the region was discovered. Extensive mining led to the extraction of rich ores, not only silver but also lead, zinc and ...

Reiche Mine
Alte Elisabeth
Fuchsmühlenweg 9
09599 Freiberg, Germany

Glashütte/Sachsen | Germany
The first references to Glashütte date from the fifteenth century, when a short-lived glass furnace operated in the vicinity. It received a charter granting it the customary rights of a town in 1506. It remains a small town and is situated in the Müglitztal in the eastern part of the Erzgebirge (ore ...

The German Museum of Watchmaking
Schillerstrasse 3a
01768 Glashütte/Sachsen, Germany

Görlitz | Germany
Named after the Landeskrone, Görlitz’s “own” mountain, the Landskron brewery has been brewing since 1869 according to a traditional method in which the beer matures for 40 days, significantly longer than usual. The 12 m deep fermentation and storage cellars are listed buildings and can be visited as ...

Landskron Brau-Manufaktur
An der Landskronbrauerei 116
02826 Görlitz, Germany

Großschönau | Germany
A trip to Holland of the brothers Friedrich and Christoph Lange to learn the craft – and import the technology was the start of the production of damask in Großschäunau. From 1666 to 1933 there was no more important place of damask production in Germany than the village of Grossschönau in the ...

German Museum of Damask and Terry
Schenaustraße 3
02779 Großschönau, Germany

Hartmannsdorf | Germany
No fewer than 15 companies in Saxony produced commercial vehicles during the 20th century. Some, such as Horch and Audi only for a short time or alongside their other work, others successfully and on a grand scale. Some are now known only to specialists. In the Saxon Commercial Vehicle Museum in ...

Saxon Commercial Vehicle Museum
Mühlauer Straße 2
09232 Hartmannsdorf, Germany

Hohenstein-Ernstthal | Germany
The adjoining towns of Hohenstein and Ernstthal west of Chemnitz in Saxony were formally united in 1898. Both have been associated with the manufacture of textiles over several centuries. Mining prospered in the area in the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The textile industry ...

Textile and Racing Museum
Textil und Rennsportmuseum
Antonstrasse 6
09336 Hohenstein-Ernstthal, Germany

Königshain | Germany
The Granite Quarrying Museum in the Königshain Hills 9 km West of Görllitz gives a realistic impression of the working and living conditions of the stone workers. The place where from 1844 to 1975 granite was crushed and processed today shows the process of the stone from quarry to pavement. The ...

Königshain Granite Quarrying Museum
Dorfstraße 163 b
02829 Königshain, Germany

Leipzig | Germany
Founded in 1884 in recently drained marshland to the west of Leipzig, the Leipzig Cotton Spinning Mill developed within 25 years into the largest of its kind on the European mainland. Up to 4,000 women produced cotton on 260,000 spindles and 208 combing machines. Proud industrial architecture ...

Leipzig Cotton Spinning Mill
Spinnereistraße 7
04179 Leipzig, Germany

Lengefeld | Germany
Limestone has been extracted from the hills around Lengefeld, 23 km south-east of Chemnitz, since the 16th century. The burning of limestone to make lime ceased in the area in 1975, although cement is still made by Geomin Erzgebirgische Kalkwerk GmbH. The museum opened in 1986 and includes ...

Limeworks Museum
Kalkwerk 4a
09514 Lengefeld, Germany

Limbach-Oberfrohna | Germany
Limbach-Oberfrohna, a medium-sized town, 19 km. west of Chemnitz and 36 km. east of Zwickau, is one of the historic centres of the textile industry in Saxony, and is particularly important for its role in the development of hosiery technology. Johann Esche (1682-1752) built a silk stocking factory ...

Sachsenstrasse 3
09212 Limbach-Oberfrohna, Germany

A particularly fine example of the asynchrony of the industrial revolution can be seen with the King Frederick Augustus Tower, built in 1854 on Löbau Hill. It is the only surviving cast-iron lookout tower in Europe and probably the oldest cast-iron tower in the world. In the planning phase, ...

King Frederick Augustus Tower
Löbauer Berg
02708 Löbau, Germany

Löbau | Germany
They are the icons of the “modern architecture”: Frank Lloyd Wright's “Fallingwater”, Le Corbusier’s “Villa Savoye”, Mies van der Rohe’s “Villa Tugendhat” - and Hans Scharoun’s “Haus Schminke” in the small Saxon town of Löbau. The owner of the local Anker pasta factory approached the famous ...

Schminke House
Kirschallee 1 b
02708 Löbau, Germany

The invention of European hard-paste porcelain is associated with the name of the alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger, although it was more a community project funded by the Saxon Elector. After many laboratory experiments, manufactory production began in 1710 at Albrechtsburg Castle in Meissen. The ...

Meissen State Porcelain Manufactory
Talstraße 9
01662 Meissen, Germany

Göltzsch Valley Bridge The 574 metre long Göltzsch valley bridge took five years to build, and when it was completed in 1851 the 78 metre high viaduct was the highest railway bridge in the world. It was not long before this record was surpassed, but another record remains still unbeaten to this ...

Götzsch Valley Railway Bridge
08499 Mylau, Germany

Niederwiesa/OT Braunsdorf | Germany
The textile mill at Niederwiesa, 12 km. east of Chemnitz in the Erzgebirge, dates from soon after 1800. It was owned from 1910 by Martin Tannenhauer, who established a textile business in Chemnitz in 1883. The mill became a technical museum from 1994 after production ceased with the rationalisation ...

Braunsdorf Historic Weaving Mill
Historische Schauweberei Braunsdorf
Inselsteig 16
09577 Niederwiesa, Germany

The rapid population growth of the 19th century soon led to the idea of industrializing the production of housing. Founded in 1882, the company Christoph & Unmack in Niesky had already produced portable huts for the Prussian military and others using panel construction, in which individual wall ...

Konrad-Wachsmann-House Niesky
Goethestraße 2
02906 Niesky, Germany

Oederan | Germany
The museum of Oederan, a small village 20 km East of Chemnitz, presents the textile history of the Ore Mountains. Under the guidance of museum staff and on hand and power looms, visitors can learn various weaving techniques, spooling, as well as sectional and direct warping procedures. As the ...

Museum Oederan 'The Weaving"
Markt 6
09569 Oederan, Germany

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WORK it Out – Day of Industrial Culture

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