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Regional route Saxony | Germany

The industrialisation of Saxony is based on mining which already started in the 10th century, thus creating capital and early technological expertise – a history that is particularly told by historical sites in the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains). In the early 19th century textile processing became the ... more


The industrialisation of Saxony is based on mining which already started in the 10th century, thus creating capital and early technological expertise – a history that is particularly told by historical sites in the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains). In the early 19th century textile processing became the driver of progress, thus entailing the rise of metal working industries. This made Saxony the cradle of the German automotive engineering and home to renowned automobile manufacturers until today.

The Saxon Route of Industrial Heritage" developed by TMGS illustrates the industrial history of the region with a selection of 51 sites, including exciting museums as well as active plants. Leading sectors are mining, textile industry, vehicles and transport, food and beverage, and the printing industry. Outstanding architecture is part of the route, too.

The framework: a listed factory building from around the turn of the 20th century. Inside: an exhibition split up under striking headlines like “Consumers”, “Entrepreneurs” “Workers”, “Creators” and “Karl-Marx-Stadt inhabitants”. Faces stare down from the walls; historical, contemporary, famous and ...

Saxon Museum of Industry | Chemnitz Museum of Industry
Zwickauer Straße 119
09112 Chemnitz, Germany

The red bricks of the 100 year old briquette factory can already be seen from a distance. Today, it is at the heart of the Museum Energy Factory Knappenrode und at the same time its most fascinating exhibit. The time of the shout down in 1993 seems to have been uniquely preserved. Hammer mills, disk ...

Saxon Museum of Industry | Energy Factory Knappenrode
Ernst-Thälmann-Straße 8
02977 Hoyerswerda, Germany

Zwickau | Germany
Horch street, Audi street, Trabant street: a quick glance at the map immediately reveals that this is all about cars - and not common ones at all! A Horch 303 fire engine from 1927, for instance, with Germany's first standard eight-cylinder unit under the bright red bonnet. Or a DKW F 1 built in ...

August Horch Museum
Audistraße 7
08058 Zwickau, Germany

The town of Crimmitschau lies on the River Pleisse about 17 km north-west of Zwickau. Domestic textile manufacturing flourished in the region in the early 19th century, but from the 1850s production was concentrated in factories to such an extent that by 1900 the town was regarded as the ‘stadt der ...

Saxony Industrial Museum | Pfau Brothers Textile Factory
Leipziger Strasse 125
08451 Crimmitschau, Germany

Großpösna | Germany
Central Germany has a long history of the extraction, refining and use of lignite. The testimony of this industry that profoundly shaped the landscape will soon be nothing more but "blue spots" – that is lakes – on the map. Only the few remaining open-cast mining machines will tell the story of the ...

Am Westufer 2
04463 Großpösna, Germany

Leipzig | Germany
An historic printing works in Leipzig accommodates a museum which holds collections of international significance and offers to visitors opportunities for gaining an understanding of the technologies that enabled the communication of knowledge of many kinds for 500 years before the advent of the ...

Museum of the printing arts
Museum für Druckkunst
Nonnenstrasse 38
04229 Leipzig, Germany

Oelsnitz/Erzgebirge | Germany
Coal in the area around Oelsnitz, 25 km south-west of Chemnitz was mined on a large scale between 1844 and 1971, although some had been extracted by farmers from their own fields in earlier times. Some 200 shafts were sunk in the district, ranging in depth from 9 m to 1200 m, the deepest of them ...

Mining Museum
Pfockenstrasse 28
09376 Oelsnitz/Erzgebirge, Germany

In Zinnwald, a suborb of Altenberg in the eastern part of the Ore Mountains, tin was already being mined in the 16th century. Later, tungsten ores and lithium mica were mined. Today, it is especially worth visiting the mine “Vereinigt Zwitterfeld zu Zinnwald” with the Tiefer-Bünau gallery and the ...

'Vereinigt Zwitterfeld zu Zinnwald' Visiters Mine
Goetheweg 8
01773 Altenberg, Germany

Altenberg | Germany
The town of Altenberg is part of the Erzgebirge (the ore mountains) region of Saxony and is situated just north of the border with the Czech Republic, 32 km due south of Dresden. Tin was mined in the area from the mid-fourteenth century until extraction finally ceased in 1991. The dominant feature ...

Altenberg Mining Museum
Mühlerstrasse 2
01773 Altenberg, Germany

Until German reunification, the motorcycle plant in Zschopau was one of the largest motorcycle manufacturers in the world. In place of the brand “DKW”, which was claimed by the new Auto Union in West Germany, the GDR brought in “MZ”, an abbreviation of "Motorcycle works Zschopau". And so it is not ...

Augustusburg Castle, Motorcycle Museum
Schloss 1
09573 Augustusburg, Germany

Chemnitz | Germany
The entrepreneur Esche family always thought further than their own stocking factory – much further. The forefather of the dynasty, Johann Esche, had – as is shown in the Esche Museum in Limbach-Oberfrohna – recreated a stocking knitting frame in 1700 and thus sustainably influenced the economic ...

Esche Villa
Parkstraße 58
09120 Chemnitz, Germany

Chemnitz | Germany
The land or state, once the kingdom, of Saxony was home to one of Europe’s most innovative engineering industries in the first half of the twentieth century, and a leading centre for the production of motor vehicles. Under the GDR motor manufacturing plants fell into disrepute because of their role ...

Museum of Saxon Road Vehicles
Zwickauer Strasse 77
09112 Chemnitz, Germany

Chemnitz | Germany
The railway museum at Chemnitz is located in the Hilbersdorf locomotive depot which closed in 1992. Its buildings, now designated historical monuments, include two roundhouses with 20 m turntables, water cranes, facilities for supplying locomotives with coal and sand, and inspection pits. Its large ...

Saxon Railway Museum
An der Dresdner Bahnlinie 130c
09131 Chemnitz, Germany

Döbeln | Germany
The Döbeln horse-drawn tram was not created until 1892, although electric trams were available, but they needed high initial investment and therefore did not become popular quickly. The horse-drawn tram connected the railway station, which is on the main line from Leipzig to Dresden, with the town ...

German Horse-drawn Tram Museum
Niederwerder 6
04729 Döbeln, Germany

Dresden | Germany
Dresden is a city of the first importance in the development of transport within its region. It was the terminus of the first long-distance railway in Germany, which opened to Leipzig in 1839, and passenger steamers worked on the River Elbe from 1837. The paddle steamer Diesbar, built in 1883-4, ...

Dresden Museum of Transport
Johanneum am Neumarkt Augustusstrasse 1
01067 Dresden, Germany

Dresden | Germany
One problem – two solutions: above the “Blue Wonder” bridge in Dresden, two historical steep-grade railways go up and down the banks of the Elbe, on both sides of the Loschwitz stream. Both were built around 1900. Both are also tourist attractions and part of public transport in one. One connects ...

Dresden Suspension Railway
Pillnitzer Landstraße 5
01326 Dresden, Germany

Dresden | Germany
The garden city in Hellerau is the first and most consistent implementation in Germany of the garden city idea of the English social utopian Sir Ebenezer Howard. Howard had designed the model of planned urban development in 1898 in response to poor housing and living conditions as well as the ...

Hellerau Garden City
01109 Dresden, Germany

Dresden | Germany
When the steel girder bridge that connects the Dresden districts of Blasewitz and Loschwitz was officially opened in 1893, it provoked partly indignant rejection. Even in the 1930s serious consideration was given replacing it with a “more pleasant” reinforcedconcrete bridge. The sight of the riveted ...

Loschwitz Bridge 'Blue Wonder'
zwischen Schiller- und Körnerplatz
01326 Dresden, Germany

Dresden | Germany
For more than 170 years visitors to Dresden, he capital city of Saxony, have enjoyed cruises by steamboat on the River Elbe. The steamboat company, Elbdampfschiffahrts-Gesellschaft was formed in 1836, and its successor company offers a selection of cruises of varying lengths, some going upstream to ...

Saxon Steamboat Company
Anlegestelle: Terrassenufer
01067 Dresden, Germany

Dresden | Germany
On one of his journeys to the Orient, the factory owner Hugo Zietz had an amazing brainwave! Why not build a cigarette factory in the style of a mosque as a contrast to the predominantly baroque buildings in the city of Dresden? He even named it after a tobacco growing area in Turkey, Yenidze. The ...

Yenidze Cigarette Factory
Weißeritzstr. 3
01067 Dresden, Germany

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WORK it Out – Day of Industrial Culture

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