Not only castles and châteaux, but also historic water mills, breweries, ironworks, lime works, waterworks, bridges, railway stations, mining towers, and factories are part of the typical picture of Czech and Moravian towns and countryside. They appeared mostly in the course of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, when almost 70 % of the Austro-Hungarian Empire´s total industrial production concentrated in the Czech lands.

Thanks to its ample raw materials, especially rich in black coal resources, limestone, iron ore deposits, its population size, and maybe the highest railway network density in Europe, the Czech lands became one of the most developed industrial countries.

The best-known industries were, in particular, coal mining, iron and steel production in the Ostrava region in northern Moravia, and also in the Kladno region near Prague, extensive beet sugar production (including lump sugar, a convenient beverage sweetener, which was invented in Dačice in Moravia), world-famous hop growing – the Saatz variety from Žatec, beer production (especially the light lager Pilsner Urquell, which gave its name to a general type of beer), textile industry, glassworks, shoe industry founded in Zlín by the Baťa family, products of engineering industry, and Škoda cars.

At the same time, a number of industrial premises, technical buildings or power stations were designed by prominent architects and added to the reputation of their owners.

[From “Rich in history”. CzechTourism, Praha]

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