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The treasures of the Earth: European Theme Route Mining

Coal from European and American collieries was the universal fuel during the Industrial Revolution. Nonetheless technical inventions in mining played a relatively insignificant role. The main cause was the ongoing abundance of workers. Colliery owners were able to attain higher outputs simply by employing more workers. For the same reason they were able to postpone any improvements to the catastrophic working conditions for a long time.

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Abbadia San Salvatore | Abbadia San Salvatore Mining Museum
Piazzale R Rosare 2 | Abbadia San Salvatore | Italy
Abbadia San Salvatore is a town of about 7,000 people, 70 km south of Sienna and west of the Autostrada and railway from Florence to Rome. It was founded in the mid-8th century, and takes its name fro...
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Aberdare | Cynon Valley Museum and Art Gallery
Depot RoadGadlys | CF44 8DL Aberdare | Great Britain
The Museum tells the story of the social history of the Cynon Valley from 1800 to the present. Audio visual presentations in the gallery include films on the iron industry around 1830 and the Miner’...
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Abies Alba | Siele mercury mine
Vicolo di Castello, 12- | 12 Abies Alba | Italy
The Siele Mine, like that at Abbadia San Salvatore, was used to extract cinnabar, the mineral from which mercury is obtained, from deposits within Mount Amiato, an extinct volcano that rises to a heig...
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Aiseau-Presles | Trail of Pit Heaps
Rue du Centre 78 | 6250 Aiseau-Presles | Belgium
Aisneau is a small community about 6 km east of Charleroi which is the headquarters of La Chaine des Terrils, an organisation that protects, conserves and interprets pit heaps across Wallonia from Ber...
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Alcoutim | Parque Mineiro da Cova dos Mouros
Vanquiros | Alcoutim | Portugal
Copper has been mined since prehistoric times in the region of Alcoutim, a Portuguese town on the River Guardiana, which is the frontier with Spain, 65 km north-east of Faro. Exploitation on an indust...
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Almadén | Almadén Mining Park
Cerco San Teodoro | 13400 Almadén | Spain
The "<//span><//span><//span><//span>Sistine Chapel" of mining heritage lies 50 metres below the surface of Almad...
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Alsdorf | Energeticon
Konrad-Adenauer-Allee 7 | 52477 Alsdorf | Germany
Alsdorf is a mining community north of Aachen and close to the borders of Belgium and the Netherlands. It is built around an ancient castle and has a complex political history have belonged at differe...
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Altenberg | Mining Museum
Mühlerstrasse 2 | 01773 Altenberg | Germany
The town of Altenberg is part of the Erzgebirge (the ore mountains) region of Saxony and is situated just north of the border with the Czech Republic, 32 km due south of Dresden. Tin was mined in the ...
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Amay | Les Maitres du Feu - Route du Feu
Rue de Bende 5 | B-4540 Amay | Belgium
The contrast could scarcely be greater: the little town of Amay, with its old town centre, narrow alleyways, mansions and cloisters situated idyllically in the Mass valley, in the shadows of the massi...
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Amfissa | Fokis Mining Park „Vagonetto“
51st km National Road Lamia-Amfissa | 33100 Amfissa | Greece
The history of bauxite in Greece dates back in the beginning of the 20th century (1920s) when the first explorations took place in the Oiti-Ghiona-Parnassos area. In mid 1960s, Vagonetto...
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Amlwch | Mynydd Parys and Porth Amlwch
The Sail Loft, Porth Amlwch | LL68 9DB Amlwch | Great Britain
As long ago as the Bronze Age people knew that the North Wales mountain of Mynydd Parys contained copper. Just how much was lying untouched in the ground, however, only came to light in 1768. This had...
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Åmot in Modum | Blue colouring works or cobalt mine
3340 Åmot in Modum | Norway
The area around Modum in the Norwegian province of Buskerud was one of Europe’s principal sources of cobalt. The ore was discovered in 1772 by Ole Witloch, and in 1776 a royal decree established the...
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Arc-et-Senans | La Saline royale d’Arc-et-Senans
Saline royale | F 25610 Arc-et-Senans | France
The saltworks at Arc-et-Senans is one of the most spectacular industrial monuments in Europe. It was built between 1775 and 1779 on the fringe of the forest of Chaux, since supplies of wood for fuel w...
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Argentella | Argentella Silver Mine
Argentella | France
The Argentella silver mine lies on the bay of Crovani on the west coast of Corsica, within the district of Calinzana. The mine was a source of argentiferous galena (i.e. silver-bearing lead ore) and w...
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Ashington | Woodhorn Northumberland Museum and Archives
Queen Elizabeth II Country Park | NE63 9YF Ashington | Great Britain
The museum at Woodhorn Colliery houses one of the most significant collections in Europe of paintings by workers who had no formal training in art. In the early twentieth century some miners from pits...
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