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Shaping the earth. European Theme Route Industrial Landscapes

It was only around the end of the 19th century, with the second wave of industrialisation, that exposed mining tips and soot-ridden workshops, endless terraces of cheap grey housing and networks of railway lines began to merge into huge areas of industrial landscape. But for centuries before people had been shaping new landscapes: everywhere where valuable treasures were to be found in the soil. At the end of the 17th century in the Netherlands people began to reclaim the land from the sea in order to protect themselves from flooding and increase the area for agricultural.
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Aiseau-Presles | Trail of Pit Heaps
Rue du Centre 78 | 6250 Aiseau-Presles | Belgium
Aisneau is a small community about 6 km east of Charleroi which is the headquarters of La Chaine des Terrils, an organisation that protects, conserves and interprets pit heaps across Wallonia from Ber...
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Amlwch | Mynydd Parys and Porth Amlwch
The Sail Loft, Porth Amlwch | LL68 9DB Amlwch | Great Britain
As long ago as the Bronze Age people knew that the North Wales mountain of Mynydd Parys contained copper. Just how much was lying untouched in the ground, however, only came to light in 1768. This had...
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Argenta | Ecomuseum of Argenta
via Cadinale-Luc | Argenta | Italy
The ecomuseum at Argenta is a federation of several museums and nature reserves that interprets and provides access to some of the lands reclaimed in the delta of the River Po in the early 20th centur...
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Bedford, Bedfordshire | Stewartby Brickworks & Village
Stewartby | MK43 Bedford, Bedfordshire | Great Britain
The Bedfordshire landscape is still dominated by the huge chimneys of the Stewartby brickworks. The iconic 90 m high brick structures were designed to carry away the waste gases particularly sulphur o...
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Blaenavon | Big Pit: National Coal Museum
NP4 9XP Blaenavon | Great Britain
A small town – with a huge effect. The South Wales town of Blaenavon was once the spearhead of the industrial revolution. For 200 years everything revolved around coal and iron here in the Afon Lwyd...
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Callington | Kit Hill Country Park
PL17 8HW Callington | Great Britain
Kit Hill is a landmark hilltop located in the east of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape WHS. The hill has a rich mining heritage and its ornate feature chimney, a reminder of its mining pas...
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Camborne | King Edward Mine
Troon | TR16 3SE Camborne | Great Britain
The surface buildings at the King Edward Mine are the most complete of any tin-mining site in Cornwall, and include a calciner, a buddle house, a steam winding engine house with an adjacent boiler hou...
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Capalbio | Capalbio industrial landscape
Capalbio | Italy
Capalbio is a small but spectacular walled town, on the southern border of Tuscany, and 5 km from the Mediterranean coast. At Pescia Fiorentina, 4 km SW, is an integrated ironworks of the late 18th or...
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Carbonia | Italian Centre for Coal Mining Culture
Grande Miniera di Serbariu | 09013 Carbonia | Italy
The Italian Centre for Coal Mining Culture is the main coal mining museum in Italy. The site is a part of Geomineral Historical and Environmental Park of Sardinia, which is a member of UNESC...
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Cromford | Derwent Valley Mills
Cromford Mill | DE4 3RQ Cromford | Great Britain
The first modern factory in history was built in Cromford in the Derwent valley, not far from Nottingham. The Derwent is anything but a fast-flowing river. That said it flows quickly enough to be able...
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Duisburg | North Duisburg Landscape Park
Emscherstrasse 71 | 47137 Duisburg | Germany
“Clean and tidy and ready to be fired up once more”. That may be so. But blast furnace no. 5 on the site of the disused Thyssen ironworks will stay for ever cold. Because it is right in the middle...
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Falun | Falun Mine, World Heritage
Gruvgatan 44 | 791 61 Falun | Sweden
The contrast could not be greater, hamlets and small villages bordering idyllic lakes, set within an expanse of woodland. Then, suddenly a red gorge appears: The Falun Mine. Once the world’s largest...
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Finspang | Finspang ironworks museum
Bruksgatan 25 | 612 30 Finspang | Sweden
The water-powered ironworks at Finspong, 30 km west of Norrkoping was established in the late 16th century by the Walloon Wellam de Wijk. It came to specialise in the production of cast-iron cannon, a...
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Gavorrano | Mineral Country Park Gavorrano
Gavorrano | Italy
The area around Monte Calvo near to Gavorano on the coast of Tuscany was heavily mined for pyrites in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The park incorporates many buildings once associated...
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Großräschen | IBA-Terraces Lausitzer Seenland visitor centre / former Meuro opencast mining
Seestraße 100 | 01983 Großräschen | Germany
The tours do not promise too much. One is called “Journey to Mars”, another “Jeep-Safari”. They lead deep into a scarred, alien landscape of yawning chasms, pockmarked excavations and strange ...
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